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The African National Congress (ANC) has been South Africa's governing party, supported by its tripartite alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP), since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. It defines itself as a "disciplined force of the left".[1] Members founded the organization as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) on 8 January, 1912 in Bloemfontein to increase the rights of the black South African population. John Dube, its first president, and poet and author Sol Plaatje are among its founding members. The organization became the ANC in 1923 and formed a military wing, the Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) in 1961.

It has been the ruling party in South Africa on the national level since 1994. It gained support in the 1999 elections, and further increased its majority in 2004.

HistoryEdit

Main article: History of the African National Congress

Key personalities within the ANCEdit

Presidents of the ANCEdit

Main article: List of Presidents of the African National Congress

Deputy Presidents of the ANCEdit

Main article: List of Deputy Presidents of the African National Congress

Secretaries-General of the ANCEdit

Main article: List of Secretaries-General of the African National Congress

Chairpersons of the ANCEdit

Main article: List of Chairpeople of the African National Congress

CriticismEdit

Main article: Criticisms of the African National Congress

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  1. ANC Party Declaration from the African National Congress, retrieved May 15 2008

External linksEdit

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